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The Evolution of Material Well-Being

“O excellent! I love long life better than figs.”

A Matter of Perspective

Growth that Makes Us Richer and Growth that Doesn’t


Civilization and Disease

Property Rights and Growth

The Intellectual History of Property Rights


The End of Feudalism

The Institutionalization of Science in Europe

Science and Society in China and the Islamic World

Why Were the Americas So Underdeveloped when Europeans Reached Them?

The Foundations of the Scientific Revolution

Reining In the Kings

Economic Ideology and the Glorious Revolution

Britain in the Early Eighteenth Century

Voltaire’s England

The Industrial Revolution

Steam: From Torricelli to Choo-Choo

Two Revolutions and an Enlightenment

Internal Rates of Return

Why Did the Industrial Revolution Happen in Britain in the Eighteenth Century?

The Second Industrial Revolution

The Division of the World

More on the Division of the World

Work Between the Wars: Down the Mine

One Hundred and Fifty Years of American Growth

Why Nations Fail:
 Extractive and Inclusive Institutions

Why Nations Fail: Theory is Tidy, History is Messy

Democracy’s Dilemma

Ding Dong, the Witch is Still Very Much Alive

The Modern Decline in Extreme Poverty