The Ancient Greeks believed that natural events had natural causes. They invented the deductive proof, and laid the foundations of physics and astronomy.
Category: history of science
The Social Foundations of Islamic Science
Islamic science was accelerated by the translation movement. It was also shaped by Islam’s reaction to Greek philosophy.
Islamic Science in the Middle Ages
Islamic scientists made significant contributions to optics, mathematics, and astronomy.
European Science in the Middle Ages
The work of Greek and Islamic scholars was translated into Latin during the twelfth century, initiating a revival of European science.
Why was Science So Successful in Europe?
The rapid progress of European science was not inevitable. It was facilitated by Europe’s legal institutions, in particular, by the concept of jurisdiction.
Impediments to Science in China and the Islamic World
Chinese scientists could not free themselves from the demands of the emperor, and Islamic scientists could not free themselves from the demands of Islam.
The Discovery of the Sea II
Sea routes connect every pair of coastal locations. The discovery of these routes was largely the result of a century of European exploration.
The Foundations of the Scientific Revolution
The Scientific Revolution occurred when mathematical reasoning and experimentation were widely adopted.
The Steam Engine
The steam engine powered a new generation of industrial machinery, and gave rise to modes of transportation that would stitch the world together.
The Scientific Revolution, the Enlightenment, and the Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution was one aspect of a dramatic change in the way that people thought of themselves and the world in which they lived.